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SHEA and IDSA, with partner organizations AHA, APIC, and the Joint Commission in 2014 updated the popular science-based and practical recommendations for acute care hospitals for the prevention of common HAIs in Infection Control and Healthcare Epidemiology, originally published in 2008.

The 2014 Compendium Updates represent practical recommendations by the leading champions in infection prevention and healthcare quality improvement.

The Compendium

  • Synthesizes best evidence for the prevention of surgical site infections, central line-associated bloodstream infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, Clostridium difficile, MRSA, and hand hygiene
  • Highlights basic HAI prevention strategies plus advanced approaches for outbreak management and other special circumstances
  • Recommends performance and accountability measures to apply to individuals and groups working to implement infection prevention practices

2014 Compendium Update: Table of Contents

All the sections have been published online as of July 2014. A bound supplement will be available in Fall 2014. For more information on the costs of bulk orders, contact kweinshel@shea-online.org.

Introduction: Introduction to "A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Updates"

Commentary: Maintaining the Momentum of Change: The Role of the 2014 Updates to the Compendium in Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections

Strategies to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Strategies to Prevent Surgical Site Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Strategies to Prevent Clostridium difficile Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Strategies to Prevent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Strategies to Prevent Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Commentary: Approaches for Preventing Healthcare-Associated Infections: Go Long or Go Wide?

Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections through Hand Hygiene

A View from The Joint Commission Perspective: Updated Compendium Will Continue to Help Reduce Healthcare-Associated Infections

An Infection Preventionist's View of the Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections: Structure, Process, and Outcome

Executive Summary: A Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Updates

For the 2008 Compendium articles, please visit the Guidelines page.

SHEA is working with several international organizations on the translations of the 2014 Compendium of Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals. For more information, please contact kweinshel@shea-online.org.

Chinese Translations

Strategies to Prevent Surgical Site Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Strategies to Prevent Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update

Thank you to those that contributed to the Chinese Translations:
Maojun Ge, MD, PhD*, Liang Zhang, MD*, Hua Zhou, MD*, and Xiaoyan Song, PhD, MBBS**
* Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai Traditional Chinese Medicine University, Shanghai, China
** Children's National Health System, George Washington University, Washington, D.C. USA

Compendium Partners

  • Society for Healthcare Epidemiology (SHEA)
  • Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA)
  • American Hospital Association (AHA)
  • Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC)
  • The Joint Commission

Endorsing Organizations

Endorsing organizations reviewed and approved the 2014 updates to the Compendium.

  • American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC)
  • American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN)
  • American Organization of Nurse Executives (AONE)
  • Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE)
  • European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID; provided endorsement for the "Strategies to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update" and the "Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections through Hand Hygiene: 2014 Update" portions of the Compendium)
  • HCA Health System
  • Infusion Nurses Society (INS; provided endorsement for the "Strategies to Prevent Central Line–Associated Bloodstream Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update" and the "Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections through Hand Hygiene: 2014 Update" portions of the Compendium)
  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI)
  • National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID)
  • Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS)
  • Society for Critical Care Medicine (SCCM)
  • Society for Hospital Medicine (SHM)
  • Surgical Infection Society (SIS)

Supporting Organizations

Supporting organizations provided general non-financial support for these updates.

  • American Society of Healthcare Risk Management (ASHRM)
  • American Medical Association (AMA)
  • Infusion Nurses Society (INS; provided support for the "Strategies to Prevent Surgical Site Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update," the "Strategies to Prevent Clostridium difficile Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update," the "Strategies to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update," the "Strategies to Prevent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update," and the "Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Infections in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update" portions of the Compendium)
  • Johns Hopkins Medicine
  • Partners HealthCare
  • Society of Infectious Diseases Pharmacists (SIDP)
  • Trust for America's Health (TFAH)

Lead Authors

Co-Lead Compendium Authors:

Deborah S. Yokoe, MD, MPH (SHEA Co-Lead)
Lisa L. Maragakis, MD, MPH (IDSA Co-Lead)

Strategies to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI):

Evelyn Lo, MD
Lindsay E. Nicolle, MD

Strategies to Prevent Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSIs):

Jonas Marschall, MD
Leonard A. Mermel, DO, ScM

Strategies to Prevent Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI):

Erik R. Dubberke, MD, MSPH
Dale N. Gerding, MD

Strategies to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections through Hand Hygiene:

Katherine D. Ellingson, PhD
Janet P. Haas, PhD, RN, CIC

Strategies to Prevent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA):

David P. Calfee, MD, MS
Cassandra D. Salgado, MD, MS

Strategies to Prevent Surgical Site Infections (SSIs):

Deverick J. Anderson, MD, MPH
Keith S. Kaye, MD, MPH

Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP):

Sean M. Berenholtz, MD, MHS
Michael Klompas, MD, MPH

Expert Panel:

Neil O. Fishman, MD
Donald A. Goldmann, MD
John A. Jernigan, MD, MS
Trish M. Perl, MD, MSc
Edward J. Septimus, MD
Robert A. Weinstein, MD

Thanks to the individuals who reviewed the Compendium articles, in particular the members of the SHEA Guidelines Committee. We appreciate their work and careful consideration to ensure the quality of the 2014 Compendium updates.

Advisory Panel and Full Author List

Compendium Advisory Panel:

Eve Humphreys, MBA, CAE (SHEA)
Valerie Deloney, MBA (SHEA)
Kristina Bryant, MD (SHEA Guidelines Committee chair)
Jennifer Padberg, MPH (IDSA)
Nancy Foster (AHA)
Katrina Crist, MBA (APIC)
Tom Weaver, DMD (APIC)
Kelly Podgorny, DNP, MS, RN (The Joint Commission)
Margaret VanAmringe, MHS (The Joint Commission)
Robert Wise, MD (The Joint Commission)
David Classen, MD, MS (2008 Compendium co-lead)

CAUTI:

Evelyn Lo, MD (section co-lead)
Lindsay E. Nicolle, MD (section co-lead)
Susan E. Coffin, MD, MPH
Carolyn Gould, MD, MS
Jennifer Meddings, MD, MSc
David A. Pegues, MD
Ann Marie Pettis, RN, BSN, CIC
Sanjay Saint, MD, MPH

CDI:

Erik R. Dubberke, MD, MSPH (section co-lead)
Dale N. Gerding, MD (section co-lead)
Philip Carling, MD
Ruth Carrico, PhD, RN, CIC
Curtis J. Donskey, MD
Vivian G. Loo, MD, MSc
L. Clifford McDonald, MD
Thomas J. Sandora, MD, MPH
David J. Weber, MD, MPH

CLABSI:

Jonas Marschall, MD (section co-lead)
Leonard A. Mermel, DO, ScM (section co-lead)
Mohamad Fakih, MD, MPH
Lynn Hadaway, MEd, RN, BC, CRNI
Alexander Kallen, MD, MPH
Naomi P. O'Grady, MD
Ann Marie Pettis, RN, BSN, CIC
Mark E. Rupp, MD
Thomas Sandora, MD, MPH

Hand Hygiene:

Katherine Ellingson, PhD (section co-lead)
Janet Haas, PhD, RN, CIC (section co-lead)
Allison E. Aiello, PhD
Linda Kusek MPH, RN, CIC
Russell N. Olmsted, MPH, CIC
Eli Perencevich, MD, MS
Philip M. Polgreen, MD
Marin L. Schweizer, PhD
Polly Trexler, MS, CIC
Margaret VanAmringe, MHS

MRSA:

David P. Calfee, MD, MS (section co-lead)
Cassandra D. Salgado, MD, MS (section co-lead)
Aaron M. Milstone, MD
Anthony D. Harris, MD, MPH
David T. Kuhar, MD
Julia Moody, MS
Kathy Aureden, MS, MT, CIC
Susan S. Huang, MD, MPH

SSI:

Deverick J. Anderson, MD, MPH (section co-lead)
Keith S. Kaye, MD, MPH (section co-lead)
Kelly Podgorny, DNP, MS, RN
Sandra I. Berríos-Torres, MD
Dale W. Bratzler, DO, MPH
E. Patchen Dellinger, MD
Linda Greene, RN, MPS, CIC
Ann-Christine Nyquist, MD, MSPH
Lisa Saiman, MD, MPH

VAP:

Michael Klompas, MD, MPH (section co-lead)
Sean M. Berenholtz, MD, MHS (section co-lead)
Richard Branson, MSc, RRT
Eric C. Eichenwald, MD
Linda R. Greene, RN, MPS, CIC
Michael D. Howell, MD, MPH
Grace Lee, MD
Shelley S. Magill, MD, PhD
Gregory P. Priebe, MD
Kathleen Speck, MPH

Compendium Management Plans (122 KB)